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Ammonia Crackers Market - A Global and Regional Analysis

Focus on Cracker Type, Capacity, End User, and Region - Analysis and Forecast, 2023-2032

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Frequently Asked Questions

Ammonia crackers are defined as equipment or systems used to crack ammonia for the production of forming gas (hydrogen and nitrogen). It is a catalytic cracking unit in which ammonia (NH3) is disassociated to hydrogen and nitrogen in a cost-effective way in a volume ratio of 3:1 or in a weight ratio of 14:3.

Ongoing research for scaling up cracking technologies and transitioning to low-carbon hydrogen are the key trends in the ammonia crackers market.

The ammonia crackers market has seen major developments such as business expansions, partnerships, collaborations, and joint ventures by key players operating in the market. According to BIS Research analysis, most of the companies preferred business expansion as a strategy to further increase their growth in the ammonia crackers market. Companies such as Siemens Energy, Air Liquide, thyssenkrupp AG, Haldor Topsoe A/S, and KBR, Inc have majorly adopted strategies such as partnerships.

A new entrant can focus on providing ammonia crackers to end-use sectors such as mobility and power generation due to the high demand and adoption of ammonia crackers from these industries globally in the upcoming years.

The following can be termed as some of the USPs of the report:

•    Extensive competitive benchmarking of 15 key players done to offer a holistic view of the ammonia crackers market landscape
•    Market segregation based on cracker type, capacity, and end user
•    Cost break-up – ammonia crackers
•    Cost comparison – centralized vs. decentralized (distance impact)
•    Snapshot of the green hydrogen market                                                                                       
•    Snapshot of the green ammonia market
•    Key developments in the end-user industry
•    Supply chain analysis
•    Pricing analysis
•    Product benchmarking
•    Investment landscape, including product adoption scenario and patent analysis

The companies that manufacture ammonia crackers, technology providers, green hydrogen and green ammonia producers, distributors, end-use sectors, and research institutions involved in ammonia crackers should buy this report.

The decomposition of ammonia (NH3) into hydrogen (H2) and nitrogen (N2) using an ammonia cracker is a common industrial process for producing these gases. Ammonia is first heated to increase its temperature and pressure. The heating process occurs until the ammonia evaporates and turns into a gaseous state. The specific temperature required for cracking ammonia depends on the design of ammonia cracker and falls within the range of 600 to 9000C. Once the ammonia is in its gaseous state, it is fed into a reactor where the catalytic decomposition takes place. Inside the reactor, the gaseous ammonia comes into contact with a suitable catalyst that facilitates the breaking of ammonia molecules into hydrogen and nitrogen. The process typically operates at a pressure between 50 to 100 bar. The resulting hydrogen and nitrogen can then be separated, purified, and used for various industrial applications, including in chemical processes, fuel production, and as feedstock for other chemical reactions.

Ammonia cracking is a technology used to crack ammonia into hydrogen and nitrogen. Ammonia is widely used as a means of hydrogen carrier as transportation of gaseous hydrogen is difficult. Hydrogen can be transported in the form of ammonia and is then again cracked to hydrogen at the point of use.

The production of ammonia (NH3) typically involves the use of hydrogen (H2) as a key feedstock. To produce 1 ton of ammonia, approximately 178 kilograms of hydrogen is needed.

According to research findings, there is both technical and economic viability to securely transform ammonia into one million tons of hydrogen annually using a substantial cracker facility. For instance, Aramco Europe played a key role in this research to commission a plant jointly with the Port of Rotterdam Authority and 16 other regional companies.

Ammonia serves as an exceptional energy carrier and holds the potential to provide energy to regions where renewable power sources are limited, enabling applications such as powering fuel cell-driven vehicles, power generation, and others. Therefore, the increasing demand for green hydrogen and rising transportation for hydrogen is anticipated to boost the demand for ammonia cracking over the forecast period.

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