In the last ten years, drone applications have spread all over the world for a range of purposes, including entertainment, cargo delivery, hobbies, mapping, surveying, and inspection. As a result, drone usage among the general population has considerably expanded.
As the technology becomes more sophisticated, the operational range and capabilities of drones have been enhanced, which has led to the development of both the defense and commercial sectors.
However, as the applications of aircraft and drones grow, so do potential security risks and cases of technological misuse. Therefore, to control drone operations and prevent mishaps and tragedies brought on by congested airspace, authorities must keep track of drones and their operators as the drone industry matures.
Globally, federal agencies are implementing the remote drone identification system to detect and track drones to maintain secure and safe airspace.
According to publications from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), over 8.5 million drones are currently registered in the U.S. In response to the FAA's forecast that unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) would overtake the sky by 2019, the adoption of remote drone identification (ID) has aided in collaboration and airspace regulation, safeguarding people and infrastructure by reducing crashes and improving security.
The main goal of the remote drone identification system is to eliminate anonymity by broadcasting the location of the pilot and the drone's flight information via unmanned traffic management (UTM) software. If necessary for security, regulatory organizations such as the FAA, Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA), and European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) may also use this information.
The U.S. FAA intends to catalog all unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and incorporate them into the National Airspace System (NAS) as a result. The FAA has introduced remote IDs, which work like drone license plates, to help identify drone owners in the case that any drones are being flown incorrectly or in places where they are not allowed to fly. Remote ID will be used to identify and locate drones in flight as well as provide data on their altitude, control location, and takeoff site.
The combination of a remote ID and UTM systems will enable beyond-visual line of sight (BVLOS) operations in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F3586-22 standard. The drones can be launched, guided, and landed autonomously when operating within a visual line of sight. They can also be examined and launched.
Before the advent of remote ID, regulators did not allow BVLOS drone operations because of security and privacy issues, such as unauthorized entry into restricted areas or flying over people.
Therefore, driven by the enforcement of remote drone identification system regulation and an increase in the number of drones, the global remote drone identification system market is emerging globally.
According to the BIS Research report, the global remote drone identification system market was valued at $2.8 million in 2021, and it is expected to reach $4.0 million by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 3.5% during the forecast period 2022-2032.
It is apparent that unidentified drones can seriously harm a country's security system. Governments all over the world are consequently becoming more and more cautious about the drones and UAVs used in their airspace, particularly for military purposes. A recent instance of this was when the U.S. barred several drone manufacturers from the nation, including DJI, one of the largest Chinese drone manufacturers.
The full story is discussed further in the article.
U.S. Exposes DJI Data Leak through Remote Drone Identification System
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has added Shenzhen DJI Sciences and Technologies Ltd, the largest drone manufacturer in the world, and more than a dozen other Chinese companies to a blacklist of firms with alleged ties to the Chinese military, opening the door for trade restrictions.
After a database holding data from dozens of airspace monitoring devices made by the Chinese-owned DJI was left open to the public, over 80,000 drone IDs were revealed in a data dump.
The Biden administration placed DJI on a "blacklist" in 2021 due to allegations that it participated in the surveillance of China's Uyghur Muslim minority.
On October 5, 2022, the U.S. Department of Defense added DJI and a dozen additional businesses to a list of Chinese organizations thought to be associated with the Chinese military. By asserting that the People’s Liberation Army must have access to cutting-edge technologies to be modernized, the Pentagon prepared the path for additional limitations on these firms.
DJI was also in the news after Mykhailo Fedorov, the vice prime minister of Ukraine, accused the firm of aiding in the killing of civilians by allowing Russia to freely utilize DJI equipment, such as the AeroScope, on Ukrainian soil.
It goes without saying that the surveillance of drones is disturbing enough for individuals who only use them to fly around or take aerial photos. Drone tracking with the help of a remote drone identification system is unavoidable due to security concerns; however, it is realistic to anticipate that surveillance data will be stored in secure systems.
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