Regulatory and Reimbursement Scenario of Robotic-Assisted Surgery

Published Year: 2020


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Report Description

The purpose of the study is to gain a holistic view of the strategic outline of regulatory and reimbursement scenario..

This strategic report provides a multidimensional view of the strategic evolution in the field of regulatory and reimbursement scenario of robot-assisted surgeries. The purpose of the study is to gain a holistic view of the strategic outline of regulatory and reimbursement scenario of robot-assisted surgeries in terms of various influencing factors, such as recent trends, technological advancements, reimbursement scenario, and national level initiatives across the globe. The scope of this report is centered upon conducting a detailed study of the region-specific market penetration strategies, potential impact of regulatory and reimbursement scenario, and understanding the focus of eminent stakeholders contributing in augmenting the growth of robot-assisted surgery devices and the market.

Key Questions Answered in this Report:

What are the standard regulations for robot-assisted surgery devices in the U.S. and international regions?

•    What are the standard regulations for robot-assisted surgery devices in the U.S. and international regions?
•    What is the market scenario with regard to the adverse events and product recalls pertaining to surgical robots? 
•    What is the effect of changes in regulatory scenario in the European Union due to the implementation of Medical Device Regulation (MDR), replacing the current Medical Devices Directive (MDD)? 
•    How is the reimbursement undertaken by various governments for procedures performed using robot-assisted surgeries? 
•    What are the key notable insights associated with authorities and organizations controlling regulatory and reimbursement compliances of robot-assisted surgery?
•    How does the high cost of systems related to reimbursement of procedures impact healthcare facilities?
•    What are the current restraints or challenges taking shape due to unclear regulatory policies?
•    What are some of the major factors influencing the regulatory compliances, associated with surgical robots? 
•    What is the approval process for surgical robots under various regulatory bodies across the globe?
•    What are the recommendations that could be taken into consideration with increasing miniaturization of robots and their ancillary components?

Market Overview

As of 2018, more than 6,200 surgical robots have been installed across the globe.

Robot-assisted surgery technologies are among the greatest technological innovations of the present century, with a potential to completely transform the way surgeries have always been performed. Since the inception of RAS, till 2018, more than 9.5 million procedures were performed using surgical robots, with 1.2 million procedures in 2018 alone. With a single company catering to the domain of RAS in 2000, the industry now functions with more than 55 companies with 25 robotic models in use, along with 25 additional robotic models in development. Also, as of 2018, more than 6,200 surgical robots have been installed across the globe.

In the recent past, there have been multiple instances of device recalls and adverse event reporting. For instance, in 2010, metal-on-metal hip-replacement procedure failed enormously, owing to the device wearing down. All of these adverse events led to the need for a standardized, legal check on product quality and their related safety concerns. Consequently, regulatory authorities are keeping a strict check on the quality of devices. Also, authorities ensure that regulatory guidelines are followed for those clinical procedures, which have been approved for reimbursement. Regulatory bodies across the globe generally have their own classification systems for medical devices based upon the risk they carry, and intended mode of usage, among others. Most countries have specific approval pathways based upon the classification of medical devices.

Robot-assisted surgery devices fall under class II devices under the FDA and class IIb devices under the EU guidelines. However, with the increasing advancements in robots leading to greater autonomy and higher degrees of freedom, it is highly probable that robots in the coming years will have limited surgeon control and maximum autonomy. This will lead these systems to fall under class III device category or under high-risk class of devices. The regulatory scenario has witnessed several phases of transition across the globe. For instance, Medical Device Regulation (MDR) and In-Vitro Diagnostic Regulation (IVDR) replaced the Medical Devices Directive in Europe. This led to multiple changes in the regulatory scenario of the European Union. In the U.S., there exists no standardized reimbursement pathway for robot-assisted surgery procedures. These procedures are considered for the approval of reimbursement based upon primary procedures such as laparoscopic surgeries. Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes were also expanded with an additional family of ICD-10-PCS codes to be used in conjunction with the primary surgeries. Furthermore, the Asia-Pacific market has witnessed certain tremendous developments, with Japan being the only country that has approved reimbursement for RAS devices for both benign as well as malignant form of tumors. In addition, China also witnessed major transitions in the CFDA regulations. Chinese regulatory authorities are ensuring stringent validations and adequate quality checks for imported products. The country follows separate bidding and procurement pathways at provincial level for imported products.

Table of Contents

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1 Product Definition

1.1   Criteria for Exclusions

2 Scope of the Study

2.1   Key Questions to be Answered

3 Research Methodology

3.1   Criteria for Selection of Countries
3.2   Data Sources

4 Introduction

4.1    Entry of Surgical Robots in the Market

5 North America

5.1   U.S.
        5.1.1   Regulatory Scenario in U.S.
            Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Classification of Medical Devices
           Groups Ensuring Regulations and Safety of Surgical Robots
            Training requirements in the U.S for Performing Robot- Assisted Surgeries (RAS)
        5.1.2   Reimbursement Scenario in the U.S.
            Coverage for Use of Robotic Technique Within the Policies of Major Private Health Insurance Providers in the U.S.
        5.1.3   Conclusion
5.2   Canada
        5.2.1   Regulatory Scenario in Canada
        5.2.2   Reimbursement Scenario in Canada
            Key Stakeholders in the Canadian Reimbursement Process
            Reimbursement for Medical

6 Asia-Pacific

6.1   Japan
        6.1.1   Regulatory Scenario in Japan
            Regulatory Pathway for Medical
            Structure of Healthcare System in Japan
        6.1.2   Reimbursement Scenario in Japan
            Reimbursment of daVinci Surgical Robotic Systems in Japan
6.2   China
        6.2.1   Regulatory Scenario in China
            Classification of Medical Devices in China
            Regulatory Changes in China
           The Market Access Process For Imported Medical Devices
        6.2.2   Reimbursement Scenario in China
            Provincial Reimbursement Issues
6.3   Australia
        6.3.1   Regulatory Scenario in Australia
            Lifecycle of Regulations by TGA
            Post-market Regulations
            Adverse Event and Incident Reporting
        6.3.2   Reimbursement Scenario in Australia

7 European Union

7.1    Regulatory Scenario in European Union
         7.1.1    Changes in Rule
         7.1.2    New Rules in the Annexure VIII
              Expanded Device Definitions Requiring Reexamination of Current Classification of all Devices
              Quality Management System
              Technical File
              Need to Comply with New Identification and Traceability (UDI) Requirements
              More Emphasis on Post Market Surveillance
              Role of Internal Audits and Requirement of Audits Strengthened
              Dedicated Personal for MDR
7.2   Reimbursement Scenario in European Union
        7.2.1   France
        7.2.2   Germany
        7.2.3   U.K.
            Multiple Technology Appraisal
            Single Technology Appraisal (STA)
        7.2.4   Italy
        7.2.5   Spain

List of Table

Table 6.1   The TGA Medical Device Classification System

List of Figures

Figure 3.1   Global Surgical Robotics Market, 2018 - 2029
Figure 3.2   Market Share of Top 10 Countries in the Global Surgical Robotics Market, 2018 and 2029
Figure 5.1   Regulatory Process for Medical Devices in the U.S.
Figure 7.1   MDR Transitional Provisions (EU)
Figure 7.2   Conformity Assessment Routes for Class IIb Medical Devices
Figure 7.3   France Reimbursement System
Figure 7.4   German Reimbursement System
Figure 7.5   Reimbursement System in the U.K.
Figure 7.6   Reimbursement System in Italy

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Regulatory and Reimbursement Scenario of Robotic-Assisted Surgery